The recently enacted Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (BBA) includes provisions that affect exempt organizations.
The president on February 9, 2018, signed into law a short-term government spending and budget bill—the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018. Read TaxNewsFlash-Legislative Updates
Among other things in the BBA, there are two provisions that directly affect exempt organizations:
Both provisions were considered during the tax reform process in late 2017; however, neither provision was included in the final, enacted version of the new tax law (Pub. L. No. 115-97, enacted December 22, 2017).
The BBA includes a measure that amends section 4968 to provide that, in determining whether a college or university has at least 500 students of which more than 50% are located in the United States, only “tuition-paying” students are counted.
Prior to the amendment, the 1.4% excise tax imposed on the net investment income of private colleges and universities applied to schools with at least 500 students (more than 50% of which are located in the United States) and non-exempt use assets with a value at the close of the preceding tax year of at least $500,000 per full-time student. There was no requirement that the students be “tuition-paying.”
For additional analysis of section 4968, read KPMG’s report about provisions in the new tax law of particular interest to exempt organizations and their donors: Tax reform: Issues for exempt organizations (Pub. L. 115-97) [PDF 316 KB].
The BBA amends section 4943 by creating an exception to the excise tax applicable to a private foundation’s ownership (generally more than 20%) in a for-profit business. To meet the exception, the private foundation must satisfy the following conditions:
This new exception permits a private foundation to own a business enterprise that is unrelated to the private foundation’s exempt purposes if the business is independently operated and its profits are dedicated to the foundation. It also allows the business to retain a reasonable reserve for working capital and other business needs.
Although section 4943 also applies to donor advised funds, non-functionally integrated Type III supporting organizations, and certain trusts, these entities are ineligible for this exception.
For more information, contact a tax professional with KPMG’s Washington National Tax practice:
Alexandra Mitchell | +1 202 533 6078 | firstname.lastname@example.org
Preston Quesenberry | +1 202 533 3985 | email@example.com
Randall Thomas | +1 202 533 3786 | firstname.lastname@example.org
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