Uganda - Income Tax

Uganda - Income Tax

Taxation of international executives.

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Tax returns and compliance

When are tax returns due? That is, what is the tax return due date?

31 December

What is the tax year-end?

30 June

What are the compliance requirements for tax returns in Uganda?

Pay as You Earn (PAYE) - Filing by the employer is on a monthly basis by the 15th day of the month subsequent to the month in which payment was made.

Individual Income Tax returns are filed by 30th September (1st Provisional return), 30th June (amended provisional Return) and by the end of six months after the end of the year (Final Return) Please note that the provisional tax is paid in four installments on a quarterly basis.

Rental income is taxed separately from other incomes earned. The tax on rental income is also paid on a quarterly basis as with the individual income tax returns.


As stated above.

Non residents

As stated above.

Tax rates

What are the current income tax rates for residents and non-residents in Uganda?


Local Service Tax

This is deducted within the first quarter of the Individual's fiscal year (1st July to 30th June). This may be submitted either as a lumpsum by the 30th day of October or in 4 equal installments for the month of July, August, September and October.

  Amount of monthly income LST payable
  earned net of tax (UGX) per year (UGX)
1 >UGX100,000 but <UGX200,000 UGX5,000
2 >UGX200,000 but <UGX300,000 UGX10,000
3 >UGX300,000 but <UGX400,000 UGX20,000
4 >UGX400,000 but <UGX500,000 UGX30,000
5 >UGX500,000 but <UGX600,000 UGX40,000
6 >UGX600,000 but <UGX700,000 UGX60,000
7 >UGX700,000 but <UGX800,000 UGX70,000
8 >UGX800,000 but <UGX900,000 UGX80,000
9 >UGX900,000 but <UGX1,000,000 UGX90,000
10 >UGX1,000,000 and above UGX100,000

Income tax table for 2016

Resident individual rates

Chargeable income Rate of Tax
Not exceeding Ushs. 235,000 per month Nil
Exceeding Ushs. 235,000 per month but not exceeding Ushs. 335,000 per month 10% on the amount exceeding Ushs 235,000
Exceeding Ushs. 335,000 but not exceeding 410,000 per month Ushs. 10,000 per month plus 20% of the amount exceeding Ushs.335,000 per month
Exceeding Ushs. 410,000

Ushs. 25,000 plus 30% of the amount exceeding Ushs. 410,000; and 

Where the chargeable income of an individual exceeds 10,000,000, an additional 10% on the amount exceeding Ushs 10,000,000 per month 

Non resident individual rates

Chargeable income Rate of Tax
Not exceeding 335,000 per month 10%
Exceeding Ushs 335,000 per month but not exceeding Ushs. 410,000 Ushs 33,500 plus 20% of the amount by which the amount exceeds Ushs. 335,000
Exceeding Ushs 410,000

Ushs. 48,500 plus 30% of the amount exceeding Ushs. 410,000; and

Where the chargeable income of an individual exceeds Ushs. 10,000,000, an additional 10% on the amount exceeding Ushs 10,000,000 per month.

Residence rules

For the purposes of taxation, how is an individual defined as a resident of Uganda?


The rate of tax applicable to an individual depends on their residency status. The Ugandan Income Tax Act, Cap 340 states that for an individual to be considered a resident person, they should;

  1. have a permanent home in Uganda; or
  2. be present in Uganda –
    • for a period of, or periods amounting in aggregate to, 183 days or more in any twelve-month period that commences or ends during the year of income; or
    • during the year of income and in each of the two preceding years of income for periods averaging more than 122 days in each such year of income.


A person is not resident if they do not meet the parameters for a resident individual.

Is there a de minimus number of days rule when it comes to residency start and end date? For example, a taxpayer can’t come back to the host country for more than 10 days after their assignment is over and they repatriate.


What if the assignee enters the country before their assignment begins?

Termination of residence

Are there any tax compliance requirements when entering or leaving the country?


Departure tax

When leaving the country, an individual is required to de register for taxes and obtaining a tax credit certificate would be appropriate as evidence that his/her income was taxed while in Uganda.

What if the assignee comes back for a trip after residency has terminated?

There is no restriction, however the assignee would be requited to obtain a tourist visa.

Communication between immigration and taxation authorities

Do the immigration authorities in Uganda provide information to the local taxation authorities regarding when a person enters or leaves Uganda?

The taxation authorities may communicate to the immigration authorities if the assignee has some taxes to be paid to the Taxation authority.

Filing requirements

Will an assignee have a filing requirement in the host country after they leave the country and repatriate?


Economic employer approach

Do the taxation authorities in Uganda adopt the economic employer approach to interpreting Article 15 of the OECD treaty? If no, are the taxation authorities in Uganda considering the adoption of this interpretation of economic employer in the future?


De minimus number of days

Are there a de minimus number of days before the local taxation authorities will apply the economic employer approach? If yes, what is the de minimus number of days?


Types of taxable compensation

What categories are subject to income tax in general situations?

Employment income including benefits of any kind provided to the assignee by virtue of their employment in the company. The taxable benefits include;

  • Accommodation
  • Education allowance
  • Meals (provided it is not provided at the employers’ premises or during the course of operations.
  • Private travel
  • And any other benefit provide to the employeeback

Tax-exempt income

Are there any areas of income that are exempt from taxation in your country? If so, please provide a general definition of these areas.

  • Any benefit that is provided to an employee with a value not exceeding Ushs. 10,000 (currently equivalent to USD 3.3)
  • 10% monthly NSSF contribution for resident employees as defined by NSSF Act
  • Medical and life insurance provided to an employee. Please note that Life insurance exemption only applies where the employer is a tax paying entity.
  • Cost of passage to and from Uganda in respect to the particular employment to be exercised in Uganda

Expatriate concessions

Are there any concessions made for expatriates in your country?


Salary earned from working abroad

Is salary earned from working abroad taxed in Uganda If so, how?

No, if it has been taxed abroad.

Taxation of investment income and capital gains

Are investment income and capital gains taxed in your country? If so, how?

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