This GMS Flash Alert reports on further details related to the new exception to the Regulation 102 withholding tax requirement that was announced in Canada’s 2015 federal budget.
The Canadian government introduced a new exception to the Regulation 102 withholding tax requirement in the 2015 federal budget. This exception was summarized in our GMS Flash Alert 2015-059 (4 May 2015). Since then, draft legislation1 has been introduced and forms clarifying the certification process have been released. While the exception has not been enacted into law, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) is operating on the basis that the exception will be enacted into law substantively unchanged and effective January 1, 2016.
Regulation 102 requires nonresident employers to withhold Canadian income tax and Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Employment Insurance (EI) on income earned in Canada by their nonresident employees, regardless of whether that income would ultimately be subject to Canadian tax. For employers with tax-exempt employees, the employer faced a choice of:
As a result, Regulation 102 and the existing waiver process results in unnecessary administrative burden on employers. Under the new exception process, multinational employers sending assignees to work in Canada may see their withholding obligations eased for employees that meet the conditions for the exception.
Nonresident employers that have nonresident employees working in Canada can now apply to be eligible for the new exception from the withholding tax requirements under Regulation 102 of the Income Tax Act. This exception takes effect January 1, 2016.
The CRA does not anticipate giving retroactive approvals, but as a transitional measure, all applications for employer eligibility received by February 1, 2016, will be considered for a retroactive effective date of January 1, 2016. As such, employers that want to apply the exception to their eligible employees from January 1, 2016, must act quickly to meet the February 1 deadline to submit their applications.
Since the certification is not retroactive other than as a transitional measure, employers with employees working in Canada on January 1, 2016, may wish to consider applying for a Regulation 102 waiver using either Form R102-R or R102-J if the employer does not file for employer certification using the new Form RC 473 by February 1, 2016.
The Regulation 102 rules require employers to withhold Canadian tax on income earned in Canada by their nonresident employees. The new exception to these rules will be available for qualifying employers and employees.
To qualify for the exception, an employee must meet the criteria under a tax treaty to be exempt from income tax in Canada. The employee must work in Canada for less than 45 days in the calendar year that includes the time of the payment, or must be present in Canada for less than 90 days in any 12-month period that includes the time of the payment. The original budget proposal did not include the 45-day rule.
A qualifying employer must be resident in a country with which Canada has a tax treaty and must be certified by the CRA at the time of the payment. The requirement that the employer not carry on a business in Canada through a permanent establishment which was present in the original budget proposal has been removed. These modifications have reduced some of the uncertainty in determining whether an employer will qualify.
Because the exception does not provide withholding tax relief for all employees that are exempt from income tax in Canada under a tax treaty, the existing Regulation 102 tax waiver process remains available for these employees and is also available where the nonresident employer chooses not to file for employer certification under the exception.
The two-page application that employers will use to apply for certification, along with guidance on the certification process, was released on January 12, 2016. The Form RC 473, Application for Non-Resident Employer Certification, requests:
The CRA states that it should receive applications at least 30 days before a qualifying nonresident employee starts providing services in Canada. Applications need to be sent to the CRA Tax Services Office in Vancouver since they are overseeing employer certification.
Once the employer’s application has been submitted and reviewed, a letter confirming approval will be issued. This approval will be granted for up to two calendar years.
If an employee ceases to be a qualified nonresident employee and thus is no longer eligible for the exception, the employer is required to immediately make a written disclosure to CRA.
Employers are not required to submit supporting documents up-front. Rather, the CRA reserves the right to ask for further documentation at a later date.
The CRA states that, among other things, a qualifying employer must:
The CRA also details the situations in which qualifying employers do not have to withhold Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Employment Insurance (EI) contributions from remuneration paid to qualifying employees.
1 Legislative Proposals Relating to the Income Tax Act And Regulations, Clauses 15 to 18 & Explanatory Notes on the Legislative Proposals Related to the Income Tax Act and Regulations, Clauses 15 to 18, 31 July 2015.
The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in Canada.
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