Making financial statements more relevant

Making financial statements more relevant

Clarifications to IAS 1 aim to improve financial statement disclosures.

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The amendments to IAS 1 are a welcome first step towards improved disclosures.

Seeing the bigger picture

For some time, preparers have been asking for ways to present clear and relevant financial statement disclosures.

Meanwhile, users want preparers to provide more company-specific information, making the financial statements more relevant to their business and telling a coherent story. 

The IASB has factored these concerns into its ‘disclosure initiative’, which aims to improve presentation and disclosures in financial reporting. 

 

“These amendments are a welcome first step, even if only a small one, in a bigger disclosure initiative. The real ask here is for behavioural change, from preparers, auditors and regulators alike.”

 

To address some of the perceived problems with current disclosure requirements, on 18 December 2014 the IASB published clarifications to IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements.

These narrow-scope amendments are effective for periods beginning on or after 1 January 2016. However, early adoption is allowed. 

But the amendments do not require any significant change to current practice. Only by keeping the bigger picture in mind, and avoiding a boilerplate, checklist approach to financial statement disclosures, can preparers achieve the improved reporting sought by these clarifications.

Key clarifications to IAS 1

There is an emphasis on materiality. Specific single disclosures that are not material do not have to be presented – even if they are a minimum requirement of a standard.

The order of notes to the financial statements is not prescribed. Instead, companies can choose their own order, and can also combine, for example, accounting policies with notes on related subjects.

It has been made explicit that companies:

  • should disaggregate line items on the balance sheet and in the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income (OCI) if this provides helpful information to users; and 
  • can aggregate line items on the balance sheet if the line items specified by IAS 1 are immaterial.

Specific criteria are provided for presenting subtotals on the balance sheet and in the statement of profit or loss and OCI, with additional reconciliation requirements for the statement of profit or loss and OCI.

The presentation in the statement of OCI of items of OCI arising from joint ventures and associates accounted for using the equity method follows IAS 1’s approach of splitting items that may, or that will never, be reclassified to profit or loss. 

The road ahead

As part of the disclosure initiative’s short-term projects to improve disclosures, the final amendments to IAS 1 are joined by proposed amendments to IAS 7 Statement of Cash Flows, which propose: 

  • a reconciliation of liabilities from financing activities; and
  • additional disclosures of information that may be relevant to the understanding of the liquidity of a company. 

In addition, medium-term research projects are planned:

  • to explore the possibility of a single ‘disclosure framework’ for the ‘presentation’ standards: IAS 1, IAS 7 and IAS 8 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors (the current aim is to publish the discussion paper (DP) on Principles of Disclosure in Q4 2015 according to the IASB work plan as at 24 March 2015);
  • to develop guidance on the application of materiality in a form of a practice statement (the current aim is to publish the exposure draft of the practice statement in Q3 2015) and consider changes to the definition of materiality for inclusion in the Principles of Disclosure DP; and 
  • to examine disclosure requirements in IFRS to identify conflicts, duplication or overlaps (no specific timeline is available).

More broadly, the IASB is considering presentation and disclosure as part of its revisions to its Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting. The disclosure initiative complements the Board’s efforts in this respect. 

Although not part of the disclosure initiative, a recent related development in this area is the short-term project to clarify guidance on the classification of liabilities in IAS 1, as set out in proposed amendments released in February 2015. We provide our insights on these proposals in our article and related In the Headlines.

© 2016 KPMG IFRG Limited is a UK company, limited by guarantee. All rights reserved. KPMG IFRG Limited, registered in England No 5253019. Registered office: 15 Canada Square, London, E14 5GL, UK.

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