On April 6, 2015, a variety of changes to the U.K. immigration rules came into force that affect the NHS surcharge, the Tier 2 category, the Tier 1 categories, and new visa application fees. Additionally new rules for visitors to the U.K. are coming into force on April 24, 2015, and the system of issuing Biometric Residence Permits (BRP) following applications from outside the U.K. is being rolled out. Overall the changes introduce additional requirements and/or additional costs for certain migrants coming into the U.K. to work and live; but the changes to the new visitor rules should help streamline and simplify the process and offer more flexibility for those individuals entering the U.K. under this category.
On 6 April 2015, a variety of changes to the U.K. immigration rules came into force that affect the NHS surcharge, the Tier 2 category, the Tier 1 categories, and new visa application fees.
Additionally new rules for visitors to the U.K. are coming into force on 24 April 2015, and the system of issuing Biometric Residence Permits (BRP) following applications from outside the U.K. is being rolled out.
Overall the changes introduce additional requirements and/or additional costs for certain migrants coming into the U.K. to work and live. These changes can have a significant practical and financial impact upon businesses and individuals entering and leaving the United Kingdom. However, the changes to the new visitor rules should help streamline and simplify the process and offer more flexibility for those individuals entering the U.K. under this category.
Immigration and global mobility professionals, and employees coming to the U.K. to live and work, should be aware of these changes as they will affect current and future U.K. applications and even visits to the U.K. that do not require a visa.
This Flash Alert provides a brief summary of key elements of each of the changes mentioned above.
As we reported in our Flash Alert 2015-046 (26 March 2015), the NHS Surcharge of £200 per year for most types of U.K. visa application came into force on 6 April 2015.1 Applicants must now go through an online registration and payment process (even if they are exempt from payment) as part of their application. Failure to do so in advance will delay processing of applications.
Minor changes were made to the Tier 2 categories on 6 April 2015.2 The three key ones are:
Employers should determine that any new Tier 2 applications – including those for which the resident labour market test has already commenced – comply with the new salary requirements.
Changes have been made to all the Tier 1 categories.3
Under new rules, applicants for Tier 1 (Investor) visas are required to open a U.K. bank account before making their initial application. The rules around maintaining the investment have also been amended to correct an unintended requirement for investors to top-up their investment if they sold part of their portfolio at a loss.
The Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) rules have been further tightened. Applicants relying on their own funds now need to have held these for 90 days or provide specified evidence of the source of funds. There are also additional requirements for “indefinite leave to remain” applications that will require careful compliance by current and future visa holders in this category.
To fit in with the NHS Surcharge, Tier 1 (Exceptional Talent) visas can now be requested for between one and five years in order to avoid unnecessary excess costs.
Finally, as reported in our Flash Alert 2015-029 (25 February 2015), the Tier 1 (General) category is now closed to extension applications.
New visa application fees have now come into force, increasing the cost of most types of application.4
The commencement date of new visitor rules, which we reported on in our Flash Alert 2015-029 (25 February 2015), is now confirmed as 24 April 2015.5 These comprise a new “Appendix V” to the immigration rules that will comprehensively cover visits to the U.K. for both visa and non-visa nationals. The objective is to simplify the system and make it more flexible. The many different visitor categories are being reduced to the following four categories:
The visitor (standard) category consolidates a variety of specific categories that currently exist.
Those entering under the visitor (standard) route will be permitted to carry out activities that general or business visitors currently can, but in addition, the following activities are being added:
The student visitor and parent-of-child-at-school categories are being moved out of the visitor rules completely to more appropriate sections of the immigration rules.
We now have more details of the timing of issuing BRPs following applications for entry clearance to the U.K. from outside the U.K. (as reported in our Flash Alert 2015-029 (25 February 2015)).6 On the grant of entry clearance, an applicant will be issued a short-term visa valid for 30 days and a decision letter setting out the condition of the leave granted and BRP collection process. Once in the U.K., applicants need to attend a pre-selected post office within 10 days to collect their BRP. Under the old procedures, the long-term visa is only issued as a vignette in the passport.
It should be noted that the system was implemented for applications from Pakistan on 18 March 2015; 31 countries are being added on 15 April 2015; with a further 35 on 31 May 2015; and the rest of the world on 31 July 2015.
While none of these changes are entirely unexpected, the changes to Tier 1 (Investor) and Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) rules do reflect a continuing tightening of the requirements for individuals obtaining visas without employer sponsorship. The changes to Tier 2 and for visitors should increase flexibility. However, new salary thresholds, visa fees, and the NHS surcharge all potentially add up to higher costs for employers of migrants in the United Kingdom.
The effect of the roll-out of BRPs is yet to be felt. KPMG LLP (U.K.) is currently looking at ways to assist applicants with the collection of these documents once they reach the U.K. in order to reduce the administrative burden entailed by the process.
1 For more information, see: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-introduces-health-surcharge and https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-announces-health-surcharge.
2 For more information, see: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/statement-of-changes-to-the-immigration-rules-hc1025-26-february-2015.
3 For more information, see: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/407476/HC_1025_Immigration_Rules.pdf.
4 Details of the new fees can be found at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/419449/fees_table_for_website_2015_03_30.pdf.
5 For further details, see: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/407476/HC_1025_Immigration_Rules.pdf.
6 Details of the timetable and process are at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/biometric-residence-permits-overseas-applicant-and-sponsor-information.
For additional information or assistance, please contact your usual KPMG GMS or People Services professional or one of the following professionals with the KPMG International member firm in the United Kingdom:
Tel. +44 (0) 20 7694 4950
Tel. +44 (0) 20 7311 1475
Tel. +44 (0) 20 7311 2131
Please note the KPMG International member firm in the United States does not provide immigration services.
The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in the United Kingdom.
© 2017 KPMG LLP, a UK limited liability partnership, and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative, a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.
Flash Alert is an Global Mobility Services publication of KPMG LLPs Washington National Tax practice. The KPMG logo and name are trademarks of KPMG International. KPMG International is a Swiss cooperative that serves as a coordinating entity for a network of independent member firms. KPMG International provides no audit or other client services. Such services are provided solely by member firms in their respective geographic areas. KPMG International and its member firms are legally distinct and separate entities. They are not and nothing contained herein shall be construed to place these entities in the relationship of parents, subsidiaries, agents, partners, or joint venturers. No member firm has any authority (actual, apparent, implied or otherwise) to obligate or bind KPMG International or any member firm in any manner whatsoever. The information contained in herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.