In its budget proposals for 2015, the Finnish government adjusted upwards the personal income tax thresholds and tax credits, restricted mortgage interest deductibility, and modified the deduction for commuting expenses. In addition, social security rates, for the most part, have been increased slightly.
In its Budget proposals for 2015, Finland’s Ministry of Finance has adjusted upwards the personal income tax thresholds and tax credits, restricted mortgage interest deductibility, and modified the deduction for commuting expenses. In addition, social security rates, for the most part, have been increased slightly. In most cases, the measures are expected to apply from 1 January 2015, unless otherwise indicated.
In general, this Budget, along with the increases in the rates of social security, means that companies with international assignees subject to Finnish tax may see their international assignment-related (and their employment-related) costs rise slightly – although, each individual assignee’s tax status should be determined in light of his or her particular situation. The small adjustments upwards in the income tax thresholds and tax credits will be more than offset by the increased social security rates.
International assignment cost projections and budgeting for assignments to Finland and for assignees outside Finland still subject to Finnish taxation should reflect these changes. Where appropriate, adjustments by payroll administrators to withholdings will also have to be made.
On 7 August 2014, the Ministry of Finance published its Budget proposal for 2015.1 The Budget legislation has been undergoing parliamentary review and debate.
The proposed tax measures impacting individuals – including those on international assignment – and their multinational employers are summarized below.
According to the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, the pension insurance contributions, employer’s social security charges, and employee’s sickness insurance contribution for 2015 are as follows:
For 2015, national income tax levied on earned income is as shown in the table below.
|Taxable income (EUR)||Tax on lower amount (EUR)||Rate on excess (%)|
|16,500 – 24,700||8||6.5|
|24,700 – 40,300||541||17.5|
|40,300 – 71,400||3,271||21.5|
|71,400 – 90,000||9,957.50||29.75|
|90,000 – and over||15,491||31.75|
The maximum amount of the earned income credit against national tax on earned income (työtulovähennys) is to be increased to EUR 1,025 (currently, EUR 1,010). Furthermore, the percentage used to calculate the credit will be increased to 8.6 percent (currently, 7.4 percent) and the percentage to reduce the maximum credit is to be increased to 1.2 percent (currently, 1.15 percent).
The deductibility of mortgage interest is limited further. The percentage of interest on a loan used to purchase a dwelling in which the taxpayer or his family lives permanently that is deductible will be:
|– 65% in tax year 2015||– 55% in tax year 2017|
|– 60% in tax year 2016||– 50% in tax year 2018|
The deductibility of travelling expenses (e.g., public transportation tickets, use of private car, etc.) from the place of residence to the place of employment incurred by the employee is to be modified. The Budget proposal would make such expenses deductible for the employee only to the extent they exceed EUR 750 (currently, EUR 600).
Furthermore, the public transportation tickets subsidized by the employer remain tax exempt (to the employee) up to EUR 300 annually. In addition, such tickets will also be tax-free between EUR 750 (currently, EUR 600) and EUR 3,400.3
The Budget bill is being debated in Parliament and is expected to be voted on definitively and published as final legislation in the country’s official gazette “Säädöskokoelma” by the end of December. Should any amendments be voted that alter the measures described above or otherwise introduce new measures impacting individuals, the KPMG International member in Finland will endeavor to keep readers informed.
1 For the Budget statement (in Finnish) with links to the budget proposals (in Finnish), see the Ministry of Finance webpage.
2 There are three press releases in Finnish (one for pension, one for unemployment, and one for social security charge/sickness insurance contribution):
3 Below EUR 300, tax-free for the employee, EUR 300 – EUR 750, taxable income for the employee; EUR 750 - EUR 3,400, tax-free for the employee.
For additional information or assistance, please contact your local GMS or People Services professional or one of the following professionals with the KPMG International member firm in Finland:
Tel. +358 20 760 3394
Tel. +358 20 760 3737
The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in Finland.
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