Thinking beyond borders
In general, tax to be paid by individuals is based on a progressive chart.
Employees: The employer is responsible to withhold the employee’s estimated income tax over the wage or salary. The salary, which may include bonuses, overtime, commissions, allowances, awards or any other income related to its job, is subject to payment of income tax and social security contributions.
If an individual receives their income from more than one source (two or more employers/contracts) and the amount exceeds 100,000 Nicaraguan cordoba (NIO) per year, it is subject to submit an annual tax return, due by 90 days after the end of the fiscal year. Please refer to the progressive rate tables below.
Individuals not employees/service providers: If the individual, who provided services as an independent professional, is a resident they will be subject to 10 percent of withholding tax; on the other hand, if the individual is a non-resident they will be subject to 15 percent of withholding tax of the total amount received.
Individuals residents or not in Nicaragua, receiving an income from Nicaraguan sources, are subject to tax obligations.
Nicaraguan income tax is a tax levied on the income of individuals. Individuals residents or not in Nicaragua, receiving an income from Nicaraguan sources, are subject to tax obligations.
Income for individuals include wages and other income received by reason of the position, such as salaries, seniority, bonuses, awards and other forms of additional compensation.
The development/rendering of any activities/services in the country, regardless of where the income was paid, triggers a tax obligation in Nicaragua.
The income tax of employees is paid according to the progressive chart below; these amounts are shown in Nicaragua currency (Cordoba):
|Taxable income||Tax base||Applicable withholding rate||Over|
Source: KPMG in Nicaragua, 2015
For the purpose of submitting contributions to social security, wages/salary would be subject to a monthly withholding of 6.25 percent. This contribution is deductible from the salary for the purposes of paying income tax.
The maximums wage/salary subject to social security contributions is C$72,400.
The local law established that the person who receives income from one source is not required to submit an income tax return as well. The employer is the responsible to make the income tax and social security withholdings every month through the payroll. These withholdings are considered as a “final tax”.
An individual who receives income from two or more employers (or from other sources) is required to file their own tax return.
According to the national legislation, an income tax return should be submit and paid in full within 90 days after the end of the relevant tax year. The ordinary tax year runs from 1 January through 31 December.
Employers are responsible to withhold the employee’s income tax through the payroll. Every month they have to submit a tax return with all the employee´s withholding before tax to authorities. At the end of the tax year, the employer must submit a report with the withholdings of the period and give employees a certificate which indicates the amount of income tax withheld.
Employers who do not hold Nicaraguan income tax or Impuesto sobre la Renta (IR) will be jointly responsible for payment, subject to administrative penalties/fines according to the Tax Code.
It is necessary to apply for a visa in order to obtain resident status in Nicaragua.
Nicaragua does not have any double taxation treaties with other countries.
For tax purposes, a resident is defined as the individual, when any of the following circumstances occur:
Accreditation or reimbursement does not apply for individuals. Reimbursements apply only to diplomats.
In 2016, Nicaragua will have transfer pricing rules in force.
Since 2010, Nicaragua has local data privacy laws.
Nicaragua does not have any exchange controls on local or foreign currency coming into or out of the country.
The official exchange rate is established by the Central Bank of Nicaragua.