Greek residents are liable to income tax on their worldwide income. Whether remitted to Greece or not. Where tax has already been paid outside Greece on non Greek source income, it may be deducted up to the amount of tax payable in Greece on the same income. Non-Greek residents are taxed only on Greek-source income.
The legal provisions designed to prevent tax evasion specify that individuals filing a tax return in Greece are taxed on the higher of their declared income or imputed income. Income is imputed on the basis of living expenditure or acquisition of certain assets. The main factors considered in imputing income from living expenses or acquisitions are:
In case of non-Greek tax residents, the imputed income on the basis of living expenditure does not apply,. However the imputed income on the basis of acquisition of certain assets applies on the condition that the individual earns actual Greek source income, regardless of whether it is taxed (i.e. subject to tax scale, at source etc.) or is tax exempt.
Under certain circumstances, taxpayers have the right to contest imputed income assessed on the basis of their lifestyle by providing evidence that the difference between the imputed income and the declared income is covered by borrowing or savings that have been taxed or exempted from tax in the past, or gifts, which have been subject to or exempt from gift tax, or income taxed abroad (or exempted), and imported to Greece etc. The same obligation arises for civil unions/ partnerships (for both opposite sex or same sex couples).
Although married persons are taxed separately on their own income they are required to file a joint tax return. . However, the joint filing is not mandatory for civil unions and partnerships (of the opposite or same sex). In any case, they are too subject to tax separately on their own income.
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