EU: Economic operators registration and identification | KPMG | US

EU: Economic operators registration and identification number

EU: Economic operators registration and identification

A new process applies with respect to the “economic operators registration and identification” (EORI) number. The new process—EORI2—reflects enhancements for trade and customs purposes.


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Before beginning customs activities in the EU, economic operators need to complete certain steps. First, any economic operator established in the EU needs to have an “economic operators registration and identification” (EORI) number. Economic operators established outside the EU need an EORI number if they file a customs declaration, an entry summary declaration, or an exit summary declaration. 

An EORI also is needed to apply for Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) status (AEO applicants need to have an EORI number that is entered in box 9 of the AEO application form).

Upgrades to EORI2

As noted in an EC release, the updated application process—EORI2—is effective from 5 March 2018. The EORI2 program reflects legal changes brought about by the Union Customs Code and the delegated and implementing legislation.

EORI2 includes the following enhancements for trade and customs:

  • The size of the fields for company names is expanded to reflect international standards, making it possible to insert company names with up to 512 characters. 
  • For EORI numbers that are no longer active, the expiry date is a mandatory data element. The information has to be kept for 10 years after the expiry date in order to facilitate the correction of customs declarations that were filed before the economic operator became inactive.
  • For economic operators with an address in a third country, there is information available whether this economic operator is considered as being established in the customs territory of the EU and therefore entitled to file a customs declaration in the EU. This is intended to avoid “cumbersome checks” at the border when the customs declaration is actually filed, and to allow for a smooth flow of goods across the border.


For more information, contact a professional with KPMG’s Trade & Customs practice:

Douglas Zuvich | +1 (312) 665-1022 |

Andrew Siciliano | +1 (631) 425-6057 |

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