The IRS on 12 August 2015 released a revenue procedure—Rev. Proc. 2015-41—providing guidance and updated procedures regarding advance pricing agreements (APAs). Rev. Proc. 2015-41 addresses the process of how to request and obtain an APA from the IRS’s Advance Pricing and Mutual Agreement (APMA) program and with respect to the administration of executed APAs.
Rev. Proc. 2015-41 [PDF 241 KB] updates and supersedes Rev. Proc. 2006-9, as modified by Rev. Proc. 2008-31 (which is also superseded).
A proposed version of this revenue procedure was released for public comment in Notice 2013-79 (the "draft APA revenue procedure"). Rev. Proc. 2015-41 was issued following IRS and Treasury Department consideration of public comments, and also reflects the continuing internal monitoring and modifications of APMA’s administrative procedures concerning effective administration of APAs.
The IRS also released Rev. Proc. 2015-40 [PDF 245 KB] as guidance on the process of requesting and obtaining assistance under U.S. tax treaties from the U.S. Competent Authority ("CA assistance"), acting through APMA and the Treaty Assistance and Interpretation Team of the Deputy Commissioner (International), Large Business and International division of the IRS.
The discussion that follows explains the principal differences between Rev. Proc. 2015-41 and Rev. Proc. 2006-9. When appropriate, the provisions of Rev. Proc. 2015-41 will be compared and contrasted with the provisions of the "draft APA revenue procedure" or those of Rev. Proc. 2015-40 with respect to "CA assistance."
REDUCED FLEXIBILITY, ROLLBACK YEARS, STATUTE EXTENSIONS
Rev. Proc. 2015-41 clarifies that APMA may require, as a condition of continuing with the APA process, that the taxpayer expand the proposed scope of its APA request to cover "interrelated matters" (interrelated issues in the same years, covered issues or interrelated issues in other years, and covered issues or interrelated issues in the same or other years as applied to other countries).
APMA will impose these requirements with due regard to considerations of principled, effective, and efficient tax administration—and only after considering the views of the taxpayer and the applicable foreign competent authority. Further, APMA will communicate to the taxpayer any concerns about interrelated matters and possible scope expansion as early as possible.
Rev. Proc. 2015-41 provides some non-exclusive examples of fact patterns that may present interrelated matters:
Rollback years may be formally covered within an APA. Under these provisions, a rollback will be included in an APA when a rollback is requested by the taxpayer and approved after coordination and collaboration between APMA and other offices within the IRS. In some cases, rollback will be required by APMA as a condition of beginning or continuing the APA process, after coordination and collaboration with other offices within the IRS.
Taxpayers in the APA process are required to execute consent agreements to extend the period of limitations for assessment of tax for each year of the proposed APA term. The required consent could be either general or restricted. Rev. Proc. 2015-41 expressly provides that APMA will coordinate and collaborate with other offices within the IRS and with the taxpayer on the type of consent the taxpayer will be instructed to execute. If a restricted consent is considered to be appropriate, the form of the consent will follow standardized language provided by APMA. In most cases, Rev. Proc. 2015-41 provides that taxpayers are to submit a general consent.
The flexibility required of taxpayers requesting an APA under Rev. Proc. 2015-41 differs from that imposed on taxpayers requesting "CA assistance" under Rev. Proc. 2015-40. Unlike APA procedures, "CA assistance" is not denied if the taxpayer declines to cover additional interrelated issues or years or declines to extend the statute of limitation.
FORMAL REQUIREMENTS, APA REQUESTS
Before filing an APA request, APMA invites—and in some cases, requires—the taxpayer to meet with APMA in a pre-filing conference prior to filing the APA request. Similarly, APMA invites, and sometimes requires, the taxpayer to submit a pre-filing memorandum prior to filing the APA request.
A taxpayer that wants a pre-filing conference must submit its request as part of a mandatory or optional pre-filing memorandum. A pre-filing memorandum is mandatory if:
A mandatory pre-filing memorandum must have a length and include content appropriate to the size and complexity of the proposed covered issues, and must be in memorandum form. An optional pre-filing memorandum must have appropriate length and form, but format may be chosen by the taxpayer. A pre-filing memorandum must contain the following information:
The required contents of APA requests that were specified in the Appendix of the "draft APA revenue procedure" have been refined, but generally retained. Compared to Rev. Proc. 2006-9, these requirements are "front loaded" to allow APMA to make efficient decisions with respect to the case.
Rev. Proc. 2015-41 provides expanded guidance as to when an APA request will be considered complete. Insufficiency of filing may affect the date of filing for the request.
The taxpayer must obtain prior permission from APMA to file an abbreviated APA request. An abbreviated APA request that the taxpayer files without such permission will not be considered a complete APA request
CHANGED APA USER FEES
Overall, the APA user fees have increased compared to those contained in Rev. Proc. 2006-9.
Renewal requests have remained at $35,000 for each request that does not require a substantial expansion of the APA’s scope or a substantial change in the covered method(s), provided that the pertinent facts remain substantially the same.
The user fee for amendments to APAs increased from $10,000 to $12,500 for each amendment to a current unilateral, bilateral, or multilateral APA.
The "small case" taxpayer user fee increased from $22,500 to $30,000 for each eligible request, and the requirements have become more restrictive. Under Rev. Proc. 2015-41, an APA request is eligible for the small case APA user fee only if all of the following apply:
EFFECTIVE DATE, TRANSITION RULE
For more information, contact a tax professional with KPMG’s Global Transfer Pricing Services practice:
Steven Wrappe | (408) 367-4185 | email@example.com
Jana Lessne | (202) 533-3066 | firstname.lastname@example.org
Reach out to KPMG's U.S. Japanese Practice
The KPMG logo and name are trademarks of KPMG International. KPMG International is a Swiss cooperative that serves as a coordinating entity for a network of independent member firms. KPMG International provides no audit or other client services. Such services are provided solely by member firms in their respective geographic areas. KPMG International and its member firms are legally distinct and separate entities. They are not and nothing contained herein shall be construed to place these entities in the relationship of parents, subsidiaries, agents, partners, or joint venturers. No member firm has any authority (actual, apparent, implied or otherwise) to obligate or bind KPMG International or any member firm in any manner whatsoever. The information contained in herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation. For more information, contact KPMG's Federal Tax Legislative and Regulatory Services Group at: + 1 202 533 4366, 1801 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006.