This week’s article looks at the related parties aspects of the group ratio method provisions.
This is the fourth of our series of articles looking at some of the detail of the new corporate interest restriction rules, which will apply from 1 April 2017. This article has been updated for changes made in the draft legislation issued on 13 July 2017.
In last week’s article, we introduced the group ratio method. Under this method, the interest capacity is based, in part, on a group accounts measure of net interest (known as qualifying net group-interest expense). For these purposes, interest like expenses payable to a related party are not included in the qualifying net group-interest expense, thereby reducing the capacity to deduct interest. If the group ratio method is to be used, it will be necessary to self-assess whether the group is paying interest etc. to related parties and, if so, whether any of the exclusions from the related party rules apply.
Related parties general rule
The general rule is that persons are related parties at a time when any of the following three conditions are satisfied:
The test of whether there is a 25 percent investment is widely drawn by reference to possession of voting power, entitlement to proceeds on a disposal of equity in the company, and the entitlement of equity holders to income or assets. Rights of connected persons and persons ‘acting together’ are attributed, so certain private equity partnerships may therefore be caught under these rules.
Exclusions from the related party general rule for specified matters
Persons will not be treated as related under the general rule when any of the following conditions are satisfied but only in respect of a specified financial instrument, as follows:
Related parties only in relation to certain types of funding
There are three further rules which deem persons to be related parties but only in respect of certain types of funding. These are not subject to the exemptions listed above.
A financial liability (e.g. a loan relationship) is deemed to be made between related parties in any of the following circumstances:
This is the fourth in our series of articles on the detail of the new corporate interest restriction regime. Our previous articles covered draft guidance and regulations on the regime, the debt cap when applying the fixed ratio method, and elections to adjust the group ratio method calculation.
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