Structural Analysis of Hourly Wages and Current Trends in Household Finances.
The proportion of employees earning less than the voluntary Living Wage has risen steadily from 19 percent in 2012, when this research was first published, to 22 percent in 2016, a 1.1 million increase.
The proportion of employees earning less than the voluntary Living Wage has risen steadily from 19 percent in 2012, when this report began, to 22 percent in 2016, a 1.1 million increase. The total number of people earning below the Living Wage today does not differ tremendously from figures published last year, however it is still considerably higher than four years ago.
The research, conducted by Markit for KPMG, reveals that part-time jobs are three times more likely to pay below £8.25 per hour (or £9.40 in London) than full-time roles. Around 43 percent of part-time workers now earn less than the voluntary Living Wage, compared with around one-in-seven full-time workers (14 percent). Indeed the difference is so stark that despite accounting for less than one-third of all UK jobs, there are more part-time roles paying less than the Living Wage (3.1 million) than full-time jobs (2.5 million).
Regionally, Northern Ireland has the highest proportion of people earning below the voluntary Living Wage at 27 percent, followed by the East Midlands at 26 percent. The lowest proportion is in London and the South East, both at 18 percent, followed by Scotland at 19 percent.
However, by number of people rather than proportion, London (722,000), the North West (643,000) and the South East (624,000) are the most affected areas.