On 7 June 2017 the official ceremony of signing of the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (hereinafter: the “Convention” or “MLC”) was held in Paris.
The Convention was signed by 68 countries, including all EU member states, apart from Estonia, and all OECD member states (apart from the United States and Estonia).
Although the United States did not sign the Convention and did not declare its willingness to join the MLC, it cannot be excluded that the US position will change in the future.
On the other hand, Estonia - similarly to seven other countries, including Cameroon, Jamaica and Lebanon - declared its willingness to accede to the Convention. It is anticipated that many other countries will join the MLC in the near future.
The OECD published on its official website positions of the signatories of the Convention, which list the bilateral double tax treaties (DTTs) to be covered by the MLC and the scope of intended amendments
(i.e. options chosen and reservations made).
Poland listed in its position 78 DTTs to be covered by the MLC.
It is worth noting that at this stage not all of the DTTs indicated in the position of Poland are with countries that have already acceded to the Convention. Thus, in the case of the DTTs with countries not being signatories to the MLC yet, any changes will only enter into force when the other country joins the MLC (which may take place in the future).
The most important amendments notified in the Polish position concern:
The amendments to the DTTs are subject to prior ratification of the MLC. Only when the parties of a given DTT ratify the MLC in accordance with their domestic procedures, will the proposed changes to the DTTs enter into force (the date of entry into force of the individual provisions of the Convention is regulated by the MLC).
According to the information provided on the website of the Polish Ministry of Finance, the OECD assumes that entry into force of the first amendments to the DTTs will take place at the beginning of 2018.
Please contact us if you would like to obtain more information on the these changes or discuss their impact on your business.