The Department of Finance has announced new tax rules which will
apply to certain Section 110 companies which hold debt interests secured on, or deriving most of their value from, Irish real estate. These changes will have
effect in respect of income and gains arising (accruing) from 6 September 2016 onwards.
There has been extensive media coverage over the past number of
months of certain foreign investors acquiring debt secured on Irish real estate (e.g. home mortgages and small business loans) and Irish real estate assets through Section 110 special purpose vehicles and Irish qualifying investor alternative investment funds (QIAIFs).
The Department of Finance has decided to introduce changes to
the Section 110 legislation changing the tax treatment of debt instruments
which are secured on, or derive most of the value from, Irish real estate. Although these changes will be enacted at a later date, are stated to apply from the date of the announcement i.e. 6 September 2016.
While the press release acknowledges the positive contribution of the securitisation industry, the Minister of Finance is quoted as saying “[a] number of concerns have been raised recently about the possible use of aggressive tax practices by some section 110 companies to avoid paying tax on Irish property transactions.”
The announcement does not include any changes in relation to the taxation treatment of Irish funds which hold Irish real-estate assets. However, it is understood that some changes in this regard are likely to be made as part of the upcoming Finance Bill which will be published in October.
Themain thrust of the proposed changes is to deem any financial assets which derive (directly or indirectly) all / most of their value from Irish real
estate to be held in a separate (parallel) business (to be known as an “Specified Property Business”).
This Specified Property Business will continue to be taxed under the Section 110 rules but subject to a new restriction on the ability to deduct interest on
profit-participating debt. The restriction will operate such that deductions
will be capped to the amount of interest that would have been payable had the loan been entered into by way of bargain made at arm’s length and where the coupon was not dependent on the results of the Specified Property Business.
Essentially, therefore, a tax deduction for that amount of interest which could have been raised on a non-profit-participating basis from a third party should be deductible but interest payments in excess of this would be restricted.
The resulting taxable profits will be taxed at the rate of tax applicable to all
securitisation activities i.e. 25%.
This new restriction will not apply in all circumstances. In particular, it will not apply where the interest on the profit-participating loan is paid to:
However, the exception in point 3 above will only apply where it is reasonable to consider that that (i) it would not be reasonable to conclude that the profit-participating loan forms part of any arrangement of scheme of which the main purpose (or one of the main purposes) is the avoidance of a liability to (Irish) tax; and (ii) genuine economic activities are carried on by that non-resident in the other EU/EEA country.
While the three above-mentioned exclusions from these new restrictions are welcome, there is a lack of clarity as to the conditions attaching to exception for interest paid to persons who are resident in other EU/EEA member States. In particular, as of yet, there is no guidance as to precisely what circumstances the Revenue Commissioners would consider “reasonable” when evaluating whether there is a tax-avoidance motivation; nor is there any guidance as what would constitute “genuine economic activities”.
It is worth noting that this new interest restriction is very similar to an
existing restriction on the deductibility of all interest on profit-participating
loans. However, the existing restriction is not applicable where the interest
is paid to most taxable and exempt Irish and treaty-country recipients
(provided that, in the case of a treaty recipient, it is not entitled to a
notional interest deduction based on the amount of Irish interest received). The existing restriction also does not apply to quoted Eurobonds and wholesale debt instruments except in certain circumstances. As a result, this new, narrower restriction (although only applicable to part of the profit-participating interest) will impact on a wider constituency of Section 110 companies.
As outlined above, a Section 110 company which has financial assets which derive (directly or indirectly) all / most of their value from Irish real estate as
well as other assets, will have two separate business. Where this occurs, the
legislation provides for a just and reasonable allocation of expenses between
By treating the Specified Property Business as a separate securitisation business this might preclude the use of any losses arising from the other securitisation business from sheltering profits on the Specified Property Business (or vice versa).
We expect that the new legislation will be enacted as part of the upcoming Finance Bill but it will be applicable to profits arising from the Specified Property Business after 6 September 2016.
It is likely that there will be some discussion between interested parties and the Revenue Commissioners before the Finance Bill is enacted and, as a result, further changes may occur.
If these changes raise any concerns for you and your business, please get in touch with Gareth Bryan or your usual KPMG contact.