Robotics process automation (RPA) is a hot topic generating immense anticipation as it gains momentum and promises a new ecosystem of intelligence that reshapes business and society in the 21st century. The integration of basic automated business processes with artificial intelligence and cognitive processes that think and learn like humans heralds a paradigm shift in how work is performed. But robots providing sound financial advice or acting as personal assistants are not fully here just yet as this new class of digital labor continues to mature. In the meantime, firms face imposing challenges: separating reality from hype, mapping out plans to position vastly diverse IT and business processes for the coming transition, and managing changes in how workers are deployed. Firms failing to prepare now for the robotic revolution risk being left behind.