The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) today released discussion drafts concerning the following actions under the base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) project:
Comments on both discussion drafts are due by 5 September 2016.
The final report on BEPS Action 7 mandated follow-up work to develop additional guidance on the issue of attribution of profits to permanent establishments. This work was intended to provide guidance on how the rules of Article 7 would apply to permanent establishments resulting from the changes in the report on BEPS Action 7 as well as taking into account the results of the work on other parts of the BEPS project dealing with transfer pricing, in particular the work related to intangibles, risk, and capital.
The Action 7 discussion presents the two fact-patterns that would particularly benefit from additional guidance concerning attributions of profits to permanent establishments:
For each fact-pattern, and through the use of examples, a number of questions are identified on which comments are sought from commentators. This discussion draft also includes a final section exploring whether there are mechanisms that could allow for additional co-ordination of the application of Article 7 and Article 9 to determine the profits of a permanent establishment without providing opportunities for the re-emergence of BEPS risks that the changes under Actions 7 and 8-10 were designed to reduce.
An OECD release states that comments are not sought on the changes to the permanent establishment definitions that have been agreed under Action 7 and that were published in the 2015 final report; rather, the OECD urges commentators to concentrate solely on the application of Article 7 to determine the attribution of profits to permanent establishments.
The final report on Actions 8-10 of the BEPS project sets out the scope of the work mandated under Action 10 of the BEPS project in relation to the application of transfer pricing methods. The discussion draft aims at clarifying and strengthening the guidance on the transactional profits split method in the context of global value chains. In particular, it elaborates on two different approaches to splitting profits: (1) transactional profit splits of actual profits; and (2) transactional profit splits of anticipated profits. It also proposes further draft guidance on the appropriate application of transactional profit split methods.
The OECD release encourages comments in response to the questions included in the discussion draft, as well as the direction of the draft more generally. Examples of scenarios in which a transactional profit split is found to be the most appropriate transfer pricing method are also invited.